Design and outcomes of a Mothers In Motion behavioral intervention pilot study.

Chang (2010)
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This paper describes the design and findings of a pilot Mothers In Motion (P-MIM) program. A randomized controlled trial that collected data via telephone interviews and finger stick at 3 time points: baseline and 2 and 8 months post-intervention. Three Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) sites in southern Michigan. One hundred and twenty nine overweight and obese African-American and white mothers, 18-34 years old. The 10-week, theory-based, culturally sensitive intervention messages were delivered via a series of 5 chapters on a DVD and complemented by 5 peer support group teleconferences. Dietary fat, fruit, and vegetable intake; physical activity; stress; feelings; body weight; and blood glucose. General linear mixed model was applied to assess treatment effects across 2 and 8 months post-intervention. No significant effect sizes were found in primary and secondary outcome variables at 2 and 8 months post-intervention. However, changes in body weight and blood glucose showed apparent trends consistent with the studys hypotheses. The P-MIM showed promise for preventing weight gain in low-income overweight and obese women. However, a larger experimental trial is warranted to determine the effectiveness of this intervention.