"Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a therapuetic approach to improving mental and behavioral health. Modern CBT is typically associated with Albert Ellis and Alan Beck, and evolved from a fusion of classic behaviorist approaches and cognitive therapy (CT).
CBT is a practical framework that involves the acquisition of specific skills to address psychological and behavioral problems. The model holds tha undesired behaviors are largely caused by irrational, unhelpul automatic thoughts. Behaviors can also be learned patterns of avoiding or managing undesirable thoughts and emotions. Identifying these maladaptive thought and behavior patterns and replacing them with more skilled coping strategies is the core foundation of the approach. CBT approaches tend to focus on the individual, their skills, and their mindset rather than rewards and punishments or environmental factors.
CBT has been empirically shown to be a valuable tool in addressing not only mental and behavioral health issues, but also others like insomnia and dietary behaviors. It is one of the most effective forms of psychotherapy that has been evaluated and has outperformed medications in some trials."