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Health
 BEHAVIOR CHANGE

Pathway to health: cluster-randomized trial to increase fruit and vegetable consumption among smokers in public housing.

Ahluwalia (2007)
Summary by 

Examine the effectiveness of an intervention to increase fruits and vegetables (FV) consumption among smokers. Cluster-randomized trial of 20 public housing developments; 10 randomly assigned to an FV intervention and 10 to a smoking cessation intervention. Usual (past 7 days) and past 30 days change in daily FV intake at 8 weeks and 6 months postbaseline. Greater increases were seen in the FV group. At Week 8 and Month 6, the FV group had consumed 1.58 (p = .001) and 0.78 (p = .04), respectively, more daily FV servings in the past 7 days than the cessation group. At the same time points, the FV group had consumed 3.61 (p = .01) and 3.93 (p = .01), respectively, more FV servings in the past 30 days than the cessation group. Completing more motivational interviewing sessions (p = .02) and trying more recipes (p = .02) led to significantly greater increases at Month 6 among FV participants. Motivational interviewing counseling and lifestyle modification through trying out healthy recipes may be effective in helping a high-risk population increase their FV intake.